Frequently Asked Questions
Common Mosquito Management FAQs
Over the years, our team has been asked several questions about the control of mosquito populations. Below are the questions we hear most often.
Why Don't You Spray My Neighborhood More Often?
Answer: VDCI's programs focus on controlling larval mosquitoes while they are still in their aquatic habitat whenever possible because that is the most environmentally friendly means of control. Ultra-Low Volume Spraying to control adult mosquitoes is done only when necessary, based on routine surveillance of mosquito populations and mosquito-borne diseases. Adult mosquito traps are set weekly and track local population levels over time. Within each program thresholds for spraying are set and when mosquito populations reach these thresholds, targeted applications are made to these specific areas. In some programs, the threshold for spraying is based on the prevalence of diseases, such as West Nile virus, occurring within the local mosquito populations. Please see section on Adult Mosquito Monitoring on the Mosquito Control Page for more information.
What Do You Spray With?
Answer: Ultra-Low Volume (ULV) Spraying for adult mosquitoes is normally done with a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, permethrin. Permethrin is in a group of insecticides which are man-made versions of a natural insecticide derived from a type of chrysanthemum. Permethrin is one of the "least-toxic" products registered with the U.S. EPA for adult mosquito fogging. Please see section on Adult Mosquito Control on the Mosquito Control Page of this website for more information.
What Effect Does Spraying Have On Other "Beneficial" Insects, Pets, And Humans?
Answer: Extensive studies have shown little or no effect on beneficial insects from ULV spraying for adult mosquitoes. By A) limiting applications to areas with documented high annoyance or threat of disease, B) utilizing specialized Ultra-Low Volume technology (applications at approximately 1.0 ounce per acre, with specifically-sized microscopic droplets of a low toxicity product), and C) timing applications only during the evening when mosquitoes are at their peak activity period, and most other non-target insects are not active, we are able to minimize non-target effects. As far as pets and humans are concerned, ULV technology again allows us to apply a very small amount of a very low toxicity product over a large area, which means the amount of product people are exposed to is minimal. Additionally, these products breakdown very rapidly in the environment and do not bio-accumulate. For more information, please visit our Pesticides Page.
What Can I Do To Control Mosquitoes Around My Yard?
Answer: There is a lot you can do! Please visit our Personal Protection Page for more information.
Why Don't You Use Birds Or Bats And Other Biological Controls Instead of Chemicals?
Answer: As part of VDCI’s Integrated Mosquito Management programs we primarily use biological larval control agents such as Bti (Bacillus thuringiensis, var. israeliensis) and Bsph (Bacillus sphaericus). Certain fish species can be effective in some situations for larval control as well. Unfortunately, there are no real biological control alternatives to use on a large-scale against adult mosquitoes. Birds and bats may eat some mosquitoes but overwhelming scientific evidence has shown that it’s not enough to make a significant difference in the mosquito populations. Please see our section on bats on our Myths, Misconceptions and Misidentifications Page for more information.
How Do You Decide When And Where To Spray?
Answer: Ultra-Low volume (ULV) fogging for adult mosquitoes is based on surveillance data gathered from a network of traps that monitor adult mosquito population levels and the presence of mosquito-borne diseases. Calls from residents concerning mosquito annoyance problems also help us to pinpoint "hot-spot" areas. Please visit the Adult Mosquito Monitoring section on the Mosquito Control Page for more information.
Are There Any Non-Chemical Alternatives That Work Against Mosquitoes?
Answer: As discussed above, there are several biological alternatives for larval mosquito control, but no proven alternatives for controlling adult mosquitoes. Many natural products such as garlic oil have been studied as natural repellents, but show only limited success.
What Repellents Work The Best?
Answer: Repellents containing 10%-30% DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) are widely regarded as the most effective against mosquitoes. Products containing DEET in concentrations greater than 30% provide no additional protection, although they may last longer. Other repellents considered effective contain Picaridin, IR3535 or Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus. Whenever you use an insecticide or insect repellent, be sure to read and follow the manufacturer's DIRECTIONS FOR USE, as printed on the product, especially when children are concerned. Note: Many products such as Vitamin B, ultrasonic devices, and others have not been proven effective in preventing mosquito bites.
I've Heard Of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), Why Don't You Use IPM On Mosquitoes?
Answer: VDCI’s programs are Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM) programs which are, in fact, scientifically-based IPM programs designed specifically for mosquito control. The foundation of VDCI’s IMM programs is accurate and routine larval and adult mosquito surveillance. Our larval mosquito control activities, which utilize biological controls and "least-toxic" products, is the focus of our control efforts as much as possible because they are the most environmentally sound techniques available. Adult mosquito control is the last resort and targets areas with severe annoyance problems and/or disease potential. Finally, public education and outreach is an integral part of our IMM programs because an educated and involved public can dramatically help reduce mosquito populations. For more information please visit the Integrated Mosquito Management Section on the Mosquito Control Page.
VDCI is a company built on the foundations of public health, ethics, professionalism, and technical expertise. We establish vector management programs that are based on an understanding of the underlying vector's ecology and rooted in the current science of environmentally sound control measures.