Vector Disease


Daniel Markowski, Ph. D.

Recent Posts

Public Education 101

Posted by Daniel Markowski, Ph. D. on Oct 7, 2015 9:04:00 AM
Written By Cristina Flores, Regional Director
Public Education 1

Public education is an important part of a mosquito control program.  Mosquito control professionals can only do so much, and this is why they rely on a well-educated public in order to have a successful mosquito control program.  Educating the public allows citizens to:


1. Be a part of the mosquito control effort

2. Understand the mosquito control program 


1. Be a part of the mosquito control effort:

Mosquito control professionals create a partnership with local governments, schools, churches, and other entities to educate the public on mosquito biology.   The more the citizens know, the more information the citizens can provide their mosquito control departments or contractors to help identify active mosquito population areas.  Teams can be dispatched to perform surveillance or treatments as needed.


Also, there are many activities the public or homeowners can do on their own to reduce mosquito populations on their property.  Actions that can help limit mosquito breeding on private property can include:

  •          Dump standing water
  •          Eliminate areas that may collect standing water
  •          Aerate or circulate areas of stagnant water where possible
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Topics: Public Education

Adulticiding: Applications for Effective Mosquito Control

Posted by Daniel Markowski, Ph. D. on Sep 16, 2015 9:46:00 AM

Written By Kris New, Regional Director

Although surveillance and larviciding should be the first steps in any mosquito control program, the control of adult mosquito populations is a critical component of an integrated mosquito management effort. People often associate adult mosquito control with “truck spraying.” While a truck-mounted sprayer is often the delivery mechanism of choice, there are several other aspects you should take into account.Below are seven considerations for anyone considering an adulticide application.

mosquito_testing1. Know the Target Mosquito Surveillance of mosquito populations is critical for an effective adult mosquito control application. Surveillance allows us to understand not only the number of mosquitoes present but also the distribution of species in a given area. Culex mosquitoes fly at certain times of night (depending on the geography, temperature, and daylight) and are more susceptible to certain types of products. An Anopheles mosquito can behave quite differently and might require a different product or application rate. In summary, there are many decisions to make when considering an application for adult mosquito control and the first piece of information to understand when making those decisions is the species of mosquito that one is targeting.  

2. Know the Label The label is the law and must be followed at all times. In addition to providing safety and handling information, the label outlines the proper application rate for the product. Based on the range of application rates, one must determine at what label rate he/she wishes to make the application. Different label rates are appropriate in different environmental situations for different species and even different densities.  

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Topics: Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM)

Mosquito Surveillance For Effective Mosquito Population Control

Posted by Daniel Markowski, Ph. D. on Aug 19, 2015 2:34:00 PM

Written by Cristina Flores, Regional Director

While most people believe that mosquito control is nothing more than truck or backpack-based applications of pesticide, in reality, spraying to control adult mosquitoes is just one small aspect of a well-managed integrated mosquito management program. In fact, the foundation of every effective mosquito control program is Surveillance.

What is Mosquito Surveillance and why is it necessary?
Mosquito Surveillance is the routine monitoring of both larval and adult mosquito populations over the course of an entire mosquito season. Such mosquito surveillance is critical to a successful municipal or commercial mosquito control program for several reasons:

1. Monitoring changes in mosquito populations 
2. Identifying which mosquito species are present
3. Detecting mosquito-borne diseases
4. Determining what control measures need to be conducted

Monitoring changes in mosquito populations is important because it allows mosquito control experts to track exactly where the larval and adult mosquito populations are rising or falling. These data, when compared to previous weeks or previous years, provides the knowledge we need in order to identify and predict perennial, sporadic, or new problem areas, as well as to predict possible increases in the risk of mosquito-borne diseases.

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Topics: Surveillance and Disease Monitoring

The Key Components of an Integrated Mosquito Management Program

Posted by Daniel Markowski, Ph. D. on Aug 5, 2015 1:46:00 PM

Written By Dr. Dan Markowski, National IPM Director

Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM) is the term used to describe the comprehensive approach of managing mosquito populations to relieve nuisance and also protect public health. A proper IMM Program uses various techniques in order to reduce mosquito numbers while maintaining a quality environment. Below are the main aspects of an IMM Program:

mosquito_trap1. SurveillanceSurveillance provides the data on which all IMM actions are taken and is therefore the backbone of an integrated approach to mosquito management. Using various types of traps, one can determine what species are present in a given area. Speciation is critical in order to determine where the mosquitoes are breeding and whether or not there is a disease risk. In addition, choices of control methods will be influenced by the species of mosquito that is present. Mosquito populations can be tracked over time to compare current data to historical numbers.

2. Physical Control or Source ReductionSource reduction of larval environments can be an effective control measure and is an important component of an integrated approach. It can often be the most effective approach since you are eliminating breeding habitat. Dumping a birdbath, bucket, or kiddie pool that have larvae present, unclogging a rain gutter that is holding water, clearing a culvert so a ditch will flow more easily, and disposing of a tire pile are all examples of source reduction techniques. Although an important component, source reduction is not always feasible, particularly for certain habitats.

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Topics: Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM)

Stay Tuned For The New VDCI Blog

Posted by Daniel Markowski, Ph. D. on Jul 1, 2015 5:31:00 PM


The Vector Disease Control International Blog is coming in August 2015!
You can look forward to educational information and tips from our experts.
Contact us at 1-800-413-4445 or email with any questions or topic requests. 

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Topics: Industry News